The Würzburger Residenz (German: Würzburger Residenz) is the lord-bishop’s palace in Würzburg, Germany. Designed by Balthasar Neumann in the 18th century, it is one of the best palaces in Europe, representing the Baroque architectural style.
There are various rooms in the building, but the most famous one is the “between the stairs”. This atrium was an out-of-the-ordinary design at the time, and was criticized as “a design error” and “it will absolutely collapse.” . In fact, only the roof survived from World War II air raids. The reason for its sturdiness is the use of light, strong, and fire-resistant tuff as the building material. In addition, the Hof garden spreads behind the Residenz.
In 1981, the Würzburg bishop’s palace, its gardens and square was registered as a World Heritage Site (cultural heritage), including the gardens and the palace square.
This World Heritage site satisfies the following criteria for registration as a World Heritage site (the criteria below are translations and quotes from the criteria announced by the World Heritage Center).
(1) A masterpiece that expresses the creative genius of mankind.
(4) A fine example of an architectural style, building complex, technical accumulation or landscape that exemplifies an important period in human history.