From the 15th to the 18th century, the Duchy of Savoy was a stronghold of the Holy Roman Empire, enjoying relative political autonomy. Its capital was the city of Chambery (1416 – 1563), located on the northern slope of the Alps, then that of Turin (1563 – 1713) in Piedmont.
The Duchy corresponds to all the territories acquired by the House of Savoy since its emergence during the eleventh century, also known as the Kingdom of Savoy. In 1416, Count Amédée VIII of Savoy obtained from the Emperor the creation of the County of Savoy into a duchy. His successors received the title and Kingdom of Sicily in 1713, then Kingdom of Sardinia in 1720. to the new Kingdom of Italy.